Comparing Endoscopic Measurements of the Anterior and Posterior Ethmoidal Arteries with CT Measurements: A Cadaveric Study
Keywords:Computed Tomography, Ethmoidal Arteries, Ethmoid Dissection, Radiology Reports, Transnasal Endoscopic Surgery
Objective. To reveal the reliability of radiological measurements of the ethmoid arteries.
Method. Five fresh frozen cadaveric heads underwent computed tomography and endoscopic sinus surgery. The lateromedial length of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) and its distance to the axilla of the middle turbinate (MTA), the sphenoethmoidal recess (SR) and the posterior ethmoidal artery were measured. The posterior ethmoidal artery (PEA) was referenced to the SR. These anatomical parameters were measured both radiologically and endoscopically, and the compatibility of the two was examined.
Results. Ten nasal cavities were dissected. We found that the distance of MTA to the AEA was 16±8 mm in dissection, 21±4 mm radiologically in the sagittal section, the distance of SR to the AEA was 14±3 mm in dissection, 19±4 mm radiologically in the sagittal section, and the distance of the AEA to the PEA was 10±3 mm in dissection, 12±3 mm radiologically in the axial section. The distance of the PEA to SR was 6±3 mm in dissection, 8±2 mm radiologically in the sagittal section.
Conclusions. The distance of the AEA to the MTA, the distance of the AEA to the PEA and the distance of the PEA to the SR were compatible with each other in the dissection and in the radiologically evaluation, whereas the distance of the AEA to the SR was not compatible.
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