Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Brain Tumors
Keywords:Pediatric Brain Tumors, Diagnosis, Treatment
Objective. Tumors of the brain and spine make up about 20% of all childhood cancers; they are the second most common form of childhood cancer after leukemia. Brain tumors are the most common solid tumor in children. Symptoms depend on a variety of factors, including location of the tumor, age of child, and rate of tumor growth. The aim of study was to present our experience with the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors in children.
Patients and Methods. The aim of this study is to analyze clinicopathological characteristics, treatments, complications, and outcomes in children with brain tumors. This study is a retrospective analysis of 27 consecutive patients younger than 16 years and hospitalized for surgical treatment of brain tumors. Intracranial hypertension, neurological status, radiological computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, tumor localization, type of resection, hydrocephalus treatment, histopathology, complications, and outcome were analyzed.
Results. Twenty-seven surgeries were performed in patients for brain tumors. There were 9 females and 18 males. The average patient age was 7.8 years. There were 11 (40%) children with astrocytoma; of these, there were 9 (82%) pilocytic astrocytomas and 2 (18%) ordinary histopathological subtypes of high-grade tumors.
Conclusion. As with any cancer, prognosis and long-term survival vary greatly from child to child. Prompt medical attention and aggressive therapy are important for the best prognosis. Continuous follow-up care is essential for a child diagnosed with a brain tumor.