The Efficacy and Tolerability of a Fixed Combination of Perindopril and Indapamide in the Treatment of Unregulated Essential Hypertension – a Postmarketing Study
Keywords:Perindopril and Indapamide, Fixed Combination, Uncontrolled Hypertension
Objective. The objective of this non-interventional post-marketing clinical trial was to analyze the antihypertensive effect and safety of a fixed combination of perindopril and indapamide in the treatment of unregulated essential hypertension.
Patients and Methods. The prospective clinical trial included patients aged 20 to 75 years with essential hypertension and blood pressure values ≥ 140/90 mmHg at baseline. On the basis of the investigator’s decision, patients received 2 mg perindopril + 0.625 mg indapamide (group 2+0.625) or 4 mg perindopril + 1.25 mg indapamide (group 4+1.25).
Results. The study included 1173 patients (426 patients in group 2+0.625 and 747 patients in group 4+1.25) at 27 investigational centers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Mean blood pressure values at baseline and visits after nine months were significantly higher in the 4+1.25 group compared to the 2+0.625 group. There was a significant drop in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in both groups. The target values of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, according to the European Society of Cardiology (2018), were reached after nine months of therapy by more than 80% of patients in the 2+0.625 group, and this number was significantly higher compared to the 4+1.25 group where more than 60% of patients reached target values. Newly diagnosed patients had a better response to therapy. The percentage of patients receiving additional antihypertensive therapy decreased by the end of the study. Age, gender and the existence of diabetes mellitus were identified as negative predictors of target blood pressure achievement. The therapy showed a good safety profile.
Conclusion. A fixed combination of perindopril and indapamide was effective and safe in the treatment of unregulated essential hypertension.
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